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Transformational Leadership

Transformational leadership is the dominant leadership theory today, attracting more research than any other leadership theory over the past 20 years. Transformational leadership involves four critical components or behaviors.

Idealized influence – building respect and mutual trust by choosing to do what is right rather than what is expedient.
Inspirational motivation – conveying meaning through stories and symbols with which followers can identify;
helping followers attain more than they thought was possible by setting high expectations.

Intellectual stimulation – challenging people to think for themselves, to answer their own questions.

Individualized consideration – recognizing that people are at their best when their individual needs are considered, and their efforts and accomplishments encouraged and recognized.

  The John L Dube - Heroes of Hope Project.

John Langalibalele Dube 22 February 1871 - 11 February 1946

 John Langalibalele Dube (1871-1946)



The John Dube Heroes of Hope Project is a project within the Religion and   Governance which seeks to contribute to clarifying questions on the JL Dube legacy. It contributes towards reinforcing the importance of the contribution of the JL Dube to the liberation of black people


Maxeke and Afro-pessimism

Charlotte Makgomo Maxeke (née Manye) (1871 or 1872 - 16 October 1939), a South African religious leader, social worker and political activist  

Although Charlotte was an activist,critical of all forms of oppression she was very cautious in her dealing with African culture. At an age where almost everything that was African was discussed by Christian and the education elite, she was careful not to dismiss culture without examining it carefully. Firstly she detested the understanding that Africa was a "dark continent",longing that it should be referred to as "a continent of light". When it came to the situation of women Maxeke rejected the culture, out-rightly blaming it for perpetuating the suffering of women.

Marcus Garvey  

 Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH (17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940) was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator

Born in Jamaica, Marcus Garvey was an orator for the Black Nationalism and Pan- Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement and African Communities League. Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired the global mass movement,known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to Rastafari movement.

 Desmond Tutu

Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s  

 Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African activist and a retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid. He was the first black South African Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa, and primate of the Church of the Province of South Africa (now the African Church of South Africa).

Nelson Mandela

 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is a South African anti-apartheid activist and politician

In an attempt to close the gap between the opposed and the oppressor, Nelson Mandela stole the fire from the South Africa Establishment. Mandela's expression exemplified transformational leadership, whose gain for the people brought pain upon himself.

 Nelson Mandela reacted to the oppression of white-minority rule by:
• organizing a non-violent organization- the African National Congress (ANC),
• provoking demonstrations and strikes
• promoting acts of sabotage to pressure the South African government to change-in response to the killing and injury of blacks in Sharpeville where previous riots had resulted in several whites being killed.

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  • Summary of the John L Dube - Heroes of Hope Project

  • Maxeke and Afro-pessimism

  • Marcus Garvey

  • Nelson Mandela

  • Desmond Tutu

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